In both world wars, Gandhi encouraged Indians to fight for the British Empire unconditionally whereas Tilak held that if Indians were to remain slaves then it mattered little whether they joined army or not. The Mahatma was modern with novel methods. His was a welcome arrival both for the Moderates who needed an answer to the Extremists and Tilak, in particular, and the British who would rather acknowledge and have a saint as the foremost adversary.
Tilak died on August 1, 1920, the first day of Gandhi’s first non-cooperation campaign, Gandhi paid his respects at his cremation in Mumbai, along with 200 thousand people. Gandhi called Tilak “The Maker of Modern India”.