Swami Vivekananda (January 12, 1863 – July 4, 1902) is one of the most inspiring Indian leader to make a far reaching impact globally. He was the first person to coin the word ‘swaraj’. He led India for the first time to the world religion meet at Chicago, USA. His influence led to the introduction of Vedanta philosophy in America and England.
His efforts were acknowledged even by the noted Indian leaders such as Mahatma Gandhi and Subhash Chandra Bose. Subhash Chandra Bose called him “the maker of modern India”. According to Gandhiji, it was the influence of Swami Vivekananda that his love for his country increased thousand fold. He deserves a major credit for giving the nation a modern vision.
Keeping in view the motivational philosophy of Swami Vivekananda, the government of India decided in 1984 to observe January 12 as the Youth Day. One of the quotes of the government regarding the decision was, “It was felt that the philosophy of Swamiji and the ideals for which he lived and worked could be a great source of inspiration for the Indian Youth.”
Life He was born as the son of Viswanath Dutta & Bhuvaneswari Devi on the January 12, 1863 in Shimla Pally, Kolkata, West Bengal. This great child was named as Narendranath Dutta by his parents. He was outstanding at studies, games and other extra curricular activities. In the year 1879, he joined the Presidency College for pursuing higher studies. After one year, he learnt philosophy from the Scottish Church College, Calcutta. It was in this college that he got to know about Sri Ramakrishna of Dakshineswar.
Ramakrishna Mission The Rama Krishna mission was founded by Swami Vivekananda, the chief disciple of Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa on the 1st of May in the year 1897. The Vivekananda Ramakrishna mission is actively involved in the missionary as well as altruistic works such as disaster relief. The disciples that are serving the mission consist of both monastic and householder. Its headquarters are based near Kolkata, India. More…
Philosophy Swami Vivekananda was a great social reformer and a very inspiring personality. He was the pride of India. He made an immense contribution to purify the souls of people. He always said that God dwells inside every heart. He was of the opinion that, a person who cannot see God in poor and unhealthy people, but claims to see God in the idol, is not a true worshipper.
Vivekananda Works He compiled a number of books on the four Yogas, namely Raja Yoga, Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga and Jnana Yoga. His best literary works include the letters written by him, which have a lot of spiritual value. He maintained a very simple style of writing, so that the laymen, for whom the message is meant, are able to understand his each and every word. He was not just actively involved in writing, but also was a great singer and composed several songs.
On July 4, 1902, at a young age of 39, this great man headed his way for Nirvana.